We have put together a glossary of different terms or acronyms that you may hear in meetings or have within documents sent to you about your child.
A - C
ADD - Attention Deficit Disorder - A special education need which affects concentration and the ability to focus.
ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - A behavioural disorder which includes symptoms such as inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsive behaviours.
ARP – Additional Resources provision - A range of provision where the Local Authority contracts resources in addition to those provided by the school
AR – Annual Review - Under the Education Act 1996 local authorities had to carry out a review of every Statement of Special Educational Need at least once every 12 months. Under the Children and Families Act 2014 local authorities must carry out a review of every EHC plan at least once every 12 months
BSL – British Sign Language - The most common sign language used by deaf people in the UK
BSP – Behaviour Support Plan - A school document which is created to help a pupil with behavioural difficulties
CAMHS – Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service - The term for all services working with children and young people who have difficulties with their emotional or behavioural wellbeing
CAF – Common Assessment Framework - Professionals complete this form as the first step to assess the needs a child or young person may have
CFA – Children and Families Act (2014) - The law which introduced the current system of supporting children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities
COP – Code of Practice - A government document that schools, EYFS settings and local authorities follow when identifying children with SEN and meeting their needs
D - F
DFE – Department for Education - The national government department overseeing schools and education
DDA - Disability Discrimination Act - Lays out the duty on employers and service providers to make reasonable adjustments for people with disabilities
DLA – Disability Living Allowance - A benefit which can be claimed by the family of a child with special needs
DSA – Disabled Students Allowance - A monetary allowance for disabled students to cover some of the extra costs incurred because of their disability
DR - Disagreement Resolution - Local authorities must provide independent disagreement resolution to help parents and young people resolve disputes with local authorities, schools and other settings about SEND duties and provision.
DPF - Doncaster Parent Forum - Doncaster Parents Voice is Doncaster Parent carer forum where parents can go to get emotional support from other parents who have been through similar situations and access different events that can support them moving forward.
EB(S)D – Emotional Behavioural (and Social) Difficulties - A condition in which behaviour or emotional responses of a child adversely affect their performance at school
EHC(NA) - Education, Health and Care Needs Assessment - An Education, Health and Care (EHC) needs assessment is an assessment of a child or young person's education, health and care needs.
EHC(P) – Education, Health and Care (Plan) - This plan outline educational needs a child has and the provision that the local authority must put in place to help them
ESFA - Education and Skills Funding Agency - Is accountable for funding education and skills for children, young people and adults and delivers the policies and priorities set by the Secretary of State. It is also responsible for the regulation of academies, further education, sixth-form colleges, and training providers.
An Education, Health and Care (EHC) needs assessment is an assessment of a child or young person's education, health and care needs.
EYFS – Early Years Foundation Stage - The standards for learning, development and care of a child from birth to 5 years old
FE – Further Education - Education below degree level for people above school age, such as Sixth Form
FMS – Fine Motor Skills - The co-ordination of small muscles and the eyes, such as buttoning clothes
G - I
GMS – Gross Motor Skills - Larger movements made3 with the arms, legs, feet, or entire body, such as running or jumping
GDD – Global Developmental Delay - The term used when a child has not met two or more milestones in all areas of development
HI – Hearing Impairment - Partial or total inability to hear
IASS – Information, Advice and Support Service - A provider of independent and impartial advice to parts of children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities
IEP – Individual Education Plan - A school-based document which records, tracks, and reviews the support a child with special education needs receives in school
IPP – Individual Pupil Profile - A document which contains a series of observations and assessments on a child’s strengths, weaknesses, and special education needs
L - N
LA – Local Authority - The body responsible for public services such as libraries, schools, parks, and child protection
LD – Learning Difficulties - Difficulties in acquiring knowledge and skills to the normal level expected of those of the same age, especially because of a mental disability or cognitive disorder
LO – Local Offer - The SEND local offer is provided by the Local Authority and gives information for parents in a single place
LSA – Learning Support Assistant - A member of staff in a school provided to support teachers and pupils in the classroom
LAC – Looked After Child - The term for a child who is looked after by a local authority
MLD – Moderate Learning Difficulties - The umbrella term used to describe children who have cognitive ability and attainment levels significantly lower than that of their peers
MS – Multiple Sclerosis - A condition that can affect the brain and spinal cord, causing a wide range of potential symptoms such as problems with vision, arm or leg movement, sensation, or balance
MSI – Multi-Sensory Impairment - Pupils with MSI have a combination of visual and hearing difficulties
NEET – Not in Education, Employment or Training - This term is used to describe young people (18-24) who are not in education, employment, or training
O - P
OCD – Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - OCD is an anxiety disorder characterised by unwanted thoughts and repetitive activities
ODD – Oppositional Defiant Disorder - A disorder that is defined by a pattern of hostile, disobedient, and defiant behaviours
OT – Occupational Therapist - A therapist who provides support to people whose health prevents them from doing particular activities
OFSTED – Office for Standards in Education - A non-ministerial department of the government which is responsible for inspecting a range of educational institutions
PECS – Picture Exchange Communication System - An approach to developing communication skills using pictures
PCP – Person-Centred Planning - A way of planning that sees people using health and social services as equal partners in the development and monitoring of their care to ensure it meets their needs
PD – Physical Disability - A limitation on a person’s physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina
PDA – Pathological Demand Avoidance - A condition characterised by an overwhelming need to avoid or resist demands
PMLD – Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities - Children with PMLD have complex learning needs and may also have other significant difficulties such as physical disabilities or sensory impairment
PFA – Preparation for Adulthood - A section in the Code of Practice which lays out the need for local authorities and their partners to work together with young people to help them achieve successful outcomes in the long term
PRU – Pupil Referral Unit - A type of school which caters for children who aren’t able to attend a mainstream school because they require greater care and support than their school can provide
PSP – Pastoral Support Plan - A school-based programme which is designed to help a child improve their social, emotional, and behavioural skills
S - Z
S(A)LT – Speech and Language Therapist - A member of support staff who provides treatment for children who have difficulties with communication
SEND – Special, Educational Needs and Disability - The umbrella term for children who have a learning difficulty and/or a disability that means they need special health and education support
SEN(D)CO – Special Educational Needs (and Disability) Co-ordinator - The teacher who is responsible for special education needs and disability provision in a school
SENDIAS - Special Educational Needs and Disabilities, Information, Advice and Support -SEDNIAS offer free confidential and impartial information, advice and support to children and young people aged 0-25 and their families.
SLD – Severe Learning Disabilities - A very significant intellectual or cognitive impairment that impacts a person’s ability to live independently
SLCN – Speech, Language, and Communication Needs - Children with SLCN may have a single specific language impairment or experience secondary communication needs resulting from another condition
VI – Visual Impairment - Decreased or total inability to see
YP – Young Person - A person generally from 14 to 18 years of age
YSS – Youth Support Service - A local authority team that supports young people who are not receiving the standard of care of protection appropriate to their age